The Company imports Bituminous Coal from Indonesia to domestic and international customers by sourcing through coal mines of Company Group in Indonesia through TTP, whose 99.99 of shares are held by the Company and through trading with other mine owners in Indonesia through EPCL, whose 99.99% of total shares are also held by the Company.
The Company is then able to deliver goods to customers via vessels conveniently. Some of the Coal shall be sold to foreign customers directly while the rest are transported to Thailand to aggregate sizes for needs and requirements of domestic customers. Most international customers are traders and large power plants in China, while most domestic customers are coal consumers whose factories are located nearby our plant in Sriracha, Chonburi. Their industrial factories consist of small, medium, large industries and power plants that have high demand of coal consumption as energy generator. Company Groups main customers are paper, textile, and food industrial groups, etc.
Company Group has policies on business conducting by creating long-term relationship with mine owners in Indonesia and purchasing mines to secure sufficient supply for customers. Company Group Organize experienced and knowledgeable team to give advice to customers how to consume coal at its fullest result, as well as support customers to switch from oil or natural gas to use coal boilers instead.
Characteristics of Products and Services
Coal is a sedimentary rock that can be ignited, mainly composed of carbon of not less than 50%by weight or 70% by quantity. Coal is made up from the deposition of dead plants and decayed in the area of water basins many million years ago. Changes occur naturally on earth; for example, earthquakes, volcanic eruptions or sediment caused by the deposition of plants, resulting in more pressure, combined with the heat from inside the earth's surface, the deposition making changes into coal types.
The physical characteristics of coal is in the solid state, formless and with colors ranging from brown to black with the properties of coal of being able to be ignited, to be used as an energy source for industrial and power plants. Many ways to classify coal are different as the purpose of use. However, the current popular way to classify is American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) by classifying into 4 types based on the amount of carbon from most to least such as Anthracite, Bituminous, Sub-Bituminous, and Lignite. General characteristics of each coal type are as follows:
- 1. Anthracite is the highest quality black and shiny coal, composed of carbon with more than 90%, very low moisture, high heating value, and the ignition temperature is high. Mostly, it is used as a fuel source for the glass industry, chemical Industry, and steel industry.
- 2. Bituminous is the black shiny coal, composed of approximately 80% - 90% carbon. This coal type is used to be fuel, as alternatives to fuel oil for boilers in many industrial factories; for example, food production industry, and paper industry.
- 3. ub-Bituminous is the coal colored range from dark brown to black. The coal texture is soft like wax, composed of approximately 71% - 77% carbon, with the moisture of 10% - 20% (World Coal Institute. 2004b. On-line). This coal type is mostly used in producing electricity.
- 4. Lignite is the coal still remaining plants with colored range from dark brown to black, composed of very low quantity of carbon, with the high moisture. It can be used as the fuel for industries, but it is not popular because of low heating value and high sulfur, which has an impact on the environment.